オカレンス(観察データと標本)

A crowdsourcing approach to collecting photo-based insect and plant observation records

最新バージョン National Institute of Genetics, ROIS によって公開 2018/01/11 National Institute of Genetics, ROIS
Background: Scientific field observation by members of the public is known as citizen science and has become popular all across the world. Citizen science is advantageous for collecting large amounts of scientific data and can be seen as a crowdsourcing approach to data collection. Information and communications technology is enhancing the availability of citizen science. Mobile devices, such as mobile phones, that have a digital camera with a global positioning system (GPS) are necessities of contemporary life and can be utilized as powerful observation tools in citizen science. New information: We developed a web-based system as a data collection tool for citizen science. Participants submit an e-mail with a photo taken by their mobile phones. The photos contain location information, ... 以上
公開日:
2018/01/11
ライセンス:
CC-BY 4.0

説明

Background: Scientific field observation by members of the public is known as citizen science and has become popular all across the world. Citizen science is advantageous for collecting large amounts of scientific data and can be seen as a crowdsourcing approach to data collection. Information and communications technology is enhancing the availability of citizen science. Mobile devices, such as mobile phones, that have a digital camera with a global positioning system (GPS) are necessities of contemporary life and can be utilized as powerful observation tools in citizen science. New information: We developed a web-based system as a data collection tool for citizen science. Participants submit an e-mail with a photo taken by their mobile phones. The photos contain location information, which can be easily and automatically embedded if the mobile phone is equipped with GPS. We collaborated with regional event managers, such as museum curators, and held citizen science events in each region and for various target taxonomic groups. All photos were stored in our data server, and the organisms were taxonomically identified by citizen scientists, regional managers, and us. In total, 154 species and 843 data records were collected in this project conducted from 2011 to 2016.

データ レコード

この オカレンス(観察データと標本) リソース内のデータは、1 つまたは複数のデータ テーブルとして生物多様性データを共有するための標準化された形式であるダーウィン コア アーカイブ (DwC-A) として公開されています。 コア データ テーブルには、843 レコードが含まれています。

この IPT はデータをアーカイブし、データ リポジトリとして機能します。データとリソースのメタデータは、 ダウンロード セクションからダウンロードできます。 バージョン テーブルから公開可能な他のバージョンを閲覧でき、リソースに加えられた変更を知ることができます。

ダウンロード

DwC-A形式のリソース データまたは EML / RTF 形式のリソース メタデータの最新バージョンをダウンロード:

DwC ファイルとしてのデータ ダウンロード 843 レコード English で (22 kB) - 更新頻度: not planned
EML ファイルとしてのメタデータ ダウンロード English で (11 kB)
RTF ファイルとしてのメタデータ ダウンロード English で (11 kB)

バージョン

次の表は、公にアクセス可能な公開バージョンのリソースのみ表示しています。

引用方法

研究者はこの研究内容を以下のように引用する必要があります。:

Osawa T (2017): A crowdsourcing approach to collecting photo-based insect and plant observation records. v1.3. No organisation. Dataset/Occurrence. http://localhost:8080/ipt/resource?r=mobile_photopj&v=1.3

権利

研究者は権利に関する下記ステートメントを尊重する必要があります。:

パブリッシャーとライセンス保持者権利者は National Institute of Genetics, ROIS。 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF登録

このリソースをはGBIF と登録されており GBIF UUID: c671d43f-7fb9-4b5a-a964-630bfbf47dd2が割り当てられています。   GBIF Japan によって承認されたデータ パブリッシャーとして GBIF に登録されているNational Institute of Genetics, ROIS が、このリソースをパブリッシュしました。

キーワード

Citizen science

連絡先

リソースを作成した人:

Takeshi Osawa
Senior Researcher
Institute for Agro-Envieonmental Sciences, NARO
JP

リソースに関する質問に答えることができる人:

Takeshi Osawa
Senior Researcher
Institute for Agro-Envieonmental Sciences, NARO
JP

メタデータを記載した人:

Takeshi Osawa
Senior Researcher
Institute for Agro-Envieonmental Sciences, NARO
JP

他に、リソースに関連付けられていた人:

論文著者
Takeshi Osawa
Senior Researcher
Instirute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, NARO
JP

地理的範囲

The collection sites of the data provided here are distributed across Japan, from Hokkaido to the southern islands. A few foreign records are also included.

座標(緯度経度) 南 西 [29.993, 129.199], 北 東 [45.337, 147.48]

生物分類学的範囲

With regard to taxonomy and systematics, all species were identified by the regional managers and authors according to the morphotypes of objects. If we could not obtain sufficient information for proper species identification, i.e. the species which is difficult to identify, we did not include that record in this data paper. As a result, we have provided 843 records of 154 species. Thus, these species were ordinary which can identify easily based on photo.

Kingdom  Plantae/Animalia

時間的範囲

開始日 / 終了日 2011-06-01 / 2016-10-01

プロジェクトデータ

This project does not have specific themes, such as target species. Instead, the themes are chosen by regional project managers, who have their own targets, motivations, and purposes. Thus, the project was designed to include a variety of approaches, have different goals, and involve many scientific disciplines. Increasing participation in citizen science projects is essential, and devising strategies on how to attract participants and deciding which themes will enhance participation are critical challenges.

タイトル NIAES mobile photo project
ファンデイング JSPS KAKENHI grants no. 15K12154 and no. 24651040.
研究の意図、目的、背景など(デザイン) We have provided the platform (described in the Sampling methods section) of an internet-based photo-collection system for regional managers. We help regional managers to arrange data collection events, but the data collection itself is handled by the regional managers. For example, the manager could be a natural history museum curator who is interested in organizing nature walks that incorporate photography, or an environmental non-profit organization that is conducting a survey of alien invasive species around a locality. Each regional manager arranges the data collection method, recruits participants, and posts photos to our system via e-mail. Those e-mails are then automatically handled by the system and are stored in the system’s data server.

プロジェクトに携わる要員:

NIAES

収集方法

We developed a web-based system to collect photos taken by citizen scientists. The system is a customized version of the commercial mobile photo system developed by Fujitsu FIP, Co. (http://www.fujitsu.com/jp/group/fip/solutions/business-and-technology-solutions/sustainability-solution/management/biodiversity/; accessed 10 August 2017). Customized system could set a several subsystem which independent in each. Each regional manager can set that according to their purpose of the collection event and managed that. In the subsystem, regional manager can manage photo which collected their event only. The main system which managed by us, we can manage all photos collected by all subsystems. The data collection procedure is simple: a participant takes a photo of the observation target and sends an e-mail with the photo that has geographic information embedded by GPS. The timing and location of all the photos sent to the system are automatically extracted and stored in the data server. The records and the photos are available to be viewed by participants in our project websites from 2011 to 2016 (Note, however, that they are currently closed.) with the map of our web GIS.

Study Extent The collection sites of the data provided here are distributed across Japan, from Hokkaido to the southern islands.

Method step description:

  1. We discuss the rationale for each event with the regional manager beforehand and set up an event-specific subsystem for projects. We designate an event-specific address to which the participants send their e-mails. Event-specific websites which relate to each subsystem were opened. For some observation events, we ask citizen scientists to identify the organisms that they have observed and put the names of the organisms in their e-mails. We help regional managers to check all records posted and re-examine the species names classified by the citizen scientists on the basis of the photos attached. We have removed records that could not be identified to the species level from a photo.

追加のメタデータ

代替識別子 c671d43f-7fb9-4b5a-a964-630bfbf47dd2
http://www.gbif.jp/ipt/resource?r=niaes_mobile_photopj1