Registros biológicos

A crowdsourcing approach to collecting photo-based insect and plant observation records

Última versión Publicado por National Institute of Genetics, ROIS en 11 de enero de 2018 National Institute of Genetics, ROIS
Background: Scientific field observation by members of the public is known as citizen science and has become popular all across the world. Citizen science is advantageous for collecting large amounts of scientific data and can be seen as a crowdsourcing approach to data collection. Information and communications technology is enhancing the availability of citizen science. Mobile devices, such as mobile phones, that have a digital camera with a global positioning system (GPS) are necessities of contemporary life and can be utilized as powerful observation tools in citizen science. New information: We developed a web-based system as a data collection tool for citizen science. Participants submit an e-mail with a photo taken by their mobile phones. The photos contain location information, ... Más
Fecha de publicación:
11 de enero de 2018
Licencia:
CC-BY 4.0

Descripción

Background: Scientific field observation by members of the public is known as citizen science and has become popular all across the world. Citizen science is advantageous for collecting large amounts of scientific data and can be seen as a crowdsourcing approach to data collection. Information and communications technology is enhancing the availability of citizen science. Mobile devices, such as mobile phones, that have a digital camera with a global positioning system (GPS) are necessities of contemporary life and can be utilized as powerful observation tools in citizen science. New information: We developed a web-based system as a data collection tool for citizen science. Participants submit an e-mail with a photo taken by their mobile phones. The photos contain location information, which can be easily and automatically embedded if the mobile phone is equipped with GPS. We collaborated with regional event managers, such as museum curators, and held citizen science events in each region and for various target taxonomic groups. All photos were stored in our data server, and the organisms were taxonomically identified by citizen scientists, regional managers, and us. In total, 154 species and 843 data records were collected in this project conducted from 2011 to 2016.

Registros

Los datos en este recurso de registros biológicos han sido publicados como Archivo Darwin Core(DwC-A), el cual es un formato estándar para compartir datos de biodiversidad como un conjunto de una o más tablas de datos. La tabla de datos del core contiene 843 registros.

Este IPT archiva los datos y, por lo tanto, sirve como repositorio de datos. Los datos y los metadatos del recurso están disponibles para su descarga en la sección descargas. La tabla versiones enumera otras versiones del recurso que se han puesto a disposición del público y permite seguir los cambios realizados en el recurso a lo largo del tiempo.

Descargas

Descargue la última versión de los datos como un Archivo Darwin Core (DwC-A) o los metadatos como EML o RTF:

Datos como un archivo DwC-A descargar 843 registros en Inglés (22 kB) - Frecuencia de actualización: no planeado
Metadatos como un archivo EML descargar en Inglés (11 kB)
Metadatos como un archivo RTF descargar en Inglés (11 kB)

Versiones

La siguiente tabla muestra sólo las versiones publicadas del recurso que son de acceso público.

¿Cómo referenciar?

Los usuarios deben citar este trabajo de la siguiente manera:

Osawa T (2017): A crowdsourcing approach to collecting photo-based insect and plant observation records. v1.3. No organisation. Dataset/Occurrence. http://localhost:8080/ipt/resource?r=mobile_photopj&v=1.3

Derechos

Los usuarios deben respetar los siguientes derechos de uso:

El publicador y propietario de los derechos de este trabajo es National Institute of Genetics, ROIS. Este trabajo está autorizado bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución/Reconocimiento 4.0 Internacional (CC-BY) 4.0.

Registro GBIF

Este recurso ha sido registrado en GBIF con el siguiente UUID: c671d43f-7fb9-4b5a-a964-630bfbf47dd2.  National Institute of Genetics, ROIS publica este recurso y está registrado en GBIF como un publicador de datos avalado por GBIF Japan.

Palabras clave

Citizen science

Contactos

¿Quién creó el recurso?:

Takeshi Osawa
Senior Researcher
Institute for Agro-Envieonmental Sciences, NARO
JP

¿Quién puede resolver dudas acerca del recurso?:

Takeshi Osawa
Senior Researcher
Institute for Agro-Envieonmental Sciences, NARO
JP

¿Quién documentó los metadatos?:

Takeshi Osawa
Senior Researcher
Institute for Agro-Envieonmental Sciences, NARO
JP

¿Quién más está asociado con el recurso?:

Autor
Takeshi Osawa
Senior Researcher
Instirute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, NARO
JP

Cobertura geográfica

The collection sites of the data provided here are distributed across Japan, from Hokkaido to the southern islands. A few foreign records are also included.

Coordenadas límite Latitud Mínima Longitud Mínima [29,993, 129,199], Latitud Máxima Longitud Máxima [45,337, 147,48]

Cobertura taxonómica

With regard to taxonomy and systematics, all species were identified by the regional managers and authors according to the morphotypes of objects. If we could not obtain sufficient information for proper species identification, i.e. the species which is difficult to identify, we did not include that record in this data paper. As a result, we have provided 843 records of 154 species. Thus, these species were ordinary which can identify easily based on photo.

Reino  Plantae/Animalia

Cobertura temporal

Fecha Inicial / Fecha Final 2011-06-01 / 2016-10-01

Datos del proyecto

This project does not have specific themes, such as target species. Instead, the themes are chosen by regional project managers, who have their own targets, motivations, and purposes. Thus, the project was designed to include a variety of approaches, have different goals, and involve many scientific disciplines. Increasing participation in citizen science projects is essential, and devising strategies on how to attract participants and deciding which themes will enhance participation are critical challenges.

Título NIAES mobile photo project
Fuentes de Financiación JSPS KAKENHI grants no. 15K12154 and no. 24651040.
Descripción del diseño We have provided the platform (described in the Sampling methods section) of an internet-based photo-collection system for regional managers. We help regional managers to arrange data collection events, but the data collection itself is handled by the regional managers. For example, the manager could be a natural history museum curator who is interested in organizing nature walks that incorporate photography, or an environmental non-profit organization that is conducting a survey of alien invasive species around a locality. Each regional manager arranges the data collection method, recruits participants, and posts photos to our system via e-mail. Those e-mails are then automatically handled by the system and are stored in the system’s data server.

Personas asociadas al proyecto:

NIAES

Métodos de muestreo

We developed a web-based system to collect photos taken by citizen scientists. The system is a customized version of the commercial mobile photo system developed by Fujitsu FIP, Co. (http://www.fujitsu.com/jp/group/fip/solutions/business-and-technology-solutions/sustainability-solution/management/biodiversity/; accessed 10 August 2017). Customized system could set a several subsystem which independent in each. Each regional manager can set that according to their purpose of the collection event and managed that. In the subsystem, regional manager can manage photo which collected their event only. The main system which managed by us, we can manage all photos collected by all subsystems. The data collection procedure is simple: a participant takes a photo of the observation target and sends an e-mail with the photo that has geographic information embedded by GPS. The timing and location of all the photos sent to the system are automatically extracted and stored in the data server. The records and the photos are available to be viewed by participants in our project websites from 2011 to 2016 (Note, however, that they are currently closed.) with the map of our web GIS.

Área de Estudio The collection sites of the data provided here are distributed across Japan, from Hokkaido to the southern islands.

Descripción de la metodología paso a paso:

  1. We discuss the rationale for each event with the regional manager beforehand and set up an event-specific subsystem for projects. We designate an event-specific address to which the participants send their e-mails. Event-specific websites which relate to each subsystem were opened. For some observation events, we ask citizen scientists to identify the organisms that they have observed and put the names of the organisms in their e-mails. We help regional managers to check all records posted and re-examine the species names classified by the citizen scientists on the basis of the photos attached. We have removed records that could not be identified to the species level from a photo.

Metadatos adicionales

Identificadores alternativos c671d43f-7fb9-4b5a-a964-630bfbf47dd2
http://www.gbif.jp/ipt/resource?r=niaes_mobile_photopj1