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||Anopheles gambiae is a complex of at least seven morphologically indistinguishable species of mosquitoes in the genus Anopheles.
This complex was recognised in the 1960s and includes the most important vectors of malaria in sub-Saharan Africa and the most efficient malaria vectors known.
This species complex consists of: Despite being morphologically indistinguishable, individual species of Anopheles gambiae complex exhibit different behavioural traits.
For example, the Anopheles quadriannulatus, is generally considered to be zoophilic, (taking its blood meal from animals) whereas Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto is generally anthropophilic (taking its blood meal from humans).
Identification to the individual species level using the molecular methods of Scott et al. (1993) can have important implications in subsequent control measures.
A. gambiae s.str. has been discovered to be currently in a state of diverging into two different species the Mopti (M) and Savannah (S) strains
ハマダラカ (Anopheles gambiae)の分布図
GBIF における Anopheles gambiae の標本・観察データを紹介します。